The Greek words that God uses to speak of Christ’s return
The Holy Spirit inspired the New Testament writers of the Scriptures to use three Greek words, “Parousia,” “Epiphaneia,” and “Apokalupsis,” to describe the second coming of Christ.
PAROUSIA. Is derived from “para,” by or with, and “ousia,” being, from “eimi,” to be; and it speaks both of an arrival and a consequent personal presence of someone. “Parousia” occurs 24 times in the New Testament.
It is used of the arrival and actual physical presence of people.
1Cor.16v17. “I am glad of the COMING of Stephanas and Fortunatus and Achaiacus.”
2Cor.7v6,7. “God — comforted us by the COMING of Titus: and not by his COMING only.”
Phil.1v26. “That your rejoicing may be more abundant in Jesus Christ for me by my COMING to you again.”
2Cor.10v10. “His letters, — are weighty and powerful; but his bodily PRESENCE is weak, and his speech contemptible.”
Phil.1v26. “That your rejoicing may be more abundant in Jesus Christ for me by my COMING to you again.
Phil.2v12. “Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my PRESENCE only, but now much more in my absence.” Paul uses “parousia” for his actual physical presence, and “apousia,” for his absence.
2Pet.1v16-18. “We have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and COMING of the Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of His majesty.” Our Lord was transfigured on the holy mount, after the manner of His “power and coming;” His face shone like the sun, and His raiment was as white as the light. Mt.17v2.
It is used of the coming and personal presence of the Antichrist.
2Cor.2v8,9. “Then shall the Lawless One (‘ho anomos”) be revealed,—whose COMING is after the working of Satan, whom the Lord will consume by the spirit of His mouth; and destroy with the brightness (“epiphaneia”) of His COMING.” “Destroy” is “katargesei,” the future active indicative of “katargeo,” to render inactive, to abolish, to destroy, to annihilate. Jesus annihilates Antichrist by the brightness of His coming. See Isa.11v4. “and with the rod of His mouth, and with the breath of His lips shall He slay the wicked.” For “consume,” the Majority Text has “analosei,” the future active indicative of “analuo,” to loose, to dissolve, to depart; in Phil.1v23., Paul uses it of his own death and departure from life.
It is used of the second coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Mt.24v3. “Tell us when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of Thy COMING?” v27. “As the lightening —-so shall also the COMING of the Son of Man be.” v37. “But as the days of Noah were, so shall also the COMING of the Son of Man be. v39. And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away, so shall also the COMING of the Son of Man be.”
1Thes.2v19. “What is our — crown of rejoicing? Are not even ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at His COMING?
1Thes.3v13. “To the end that he may establish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the COMING of our Lord Jesus Christ with all His saints.
2Thes.2v1. “Now we beseech you, brethren, concerning the COMING of our Lord Jesus Christ, and our gathering together unto Him.” The noun “episunagoge,” means, assembling, gathering together, collecting together, meeting; it only occurs in 2Thes.2v1. and Heb.10v25. The verb “episunago,” to gather together, is used of people gathering together to meet Jesus in His ministry in Mk.1v33. and Lk.12v1., and of God’s desire to gather Israel under His protection in Mt.23v37. and Lk.13v34.; and the gathering of the Church, the elect, at Christ’s second coming, in Mt.24v31. and Mk.13v27.
These Scriptures totally demolish the arguments of the secret rapture theory. For at Christ’s “Parousia” the saints will be raised from the dead, 1Cor.15v23.; and “as the lightening cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west: so shall the “Parousia” of the Son of Man be.” Mt.24v27. We are told that “the Lord Himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the Archangel, and with the trumpet of God,” at Christ’s “Parousia.” 1Thes.4v15-17. In Mt.24v29-31., Jesus stated that the “parousia” will take place “immediately after the tribulation of those days.” In 1Cor.15v23,51-53., Paul writes that Christ’s coming, “Parousia,” takes place at the last trumpet of Rev.11v15-19., at the end of the tribulation
EPIPHANEIA. Is derived from “epi,” upon, and “phaino,” to make light, let shine, throw light upon; and it means appearance, manifestation, shining upon; and is used 6 times only in the New Testament.
It is applied to Christ at His first coming.
2Tim.1v8-10. “God – has saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began, but is now made manifest by the APPEARING of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who has abolished death, and has brought life and immortality to light through the Gospel.”
It is applied to Christ at His second coming.”
2Thes.2v8. “The Lawless One–the Lord shall — destroy with the BRIGHTNESS of His coming.” Jesus destroys Antichrist “with the brightness, “epiphaneia,” of His “parousia.” 2Thes.2v8.
1Tim.6v13,14. “Keep this commandment without spot, unrebukeable, until the APPEARING of our Lord Jesus Christ.”
2Tim..4v1. “Who shall judge the living and the dead at His APPEARING” and His kingdom.”
2Tim4v8. “Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, shall give me at that day: and not me only, but unto all them also that love His APPEARING.”
Titus.2v13. “Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious APPEARING of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ.”
APOKALUPSIS. The use of “apo,” “from,” with “kalupto,” “to hide,” gives a meaning the opposite of hiding; “uncovering and unveiling;” when used of a person, it always denotes his actual appearance. It occurs 18 times in the New Testament.
It is applied to Gospel truth, spiritual illumination, and revelations from God.
Lk.2v32. “A light to LIGHTEN the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel”
Rom.16v25. “Now to Him that is of power to stablish you accordingly to my Gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the REVELATION of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began.”
1Cor.14v6. “If I come unto you speaking with tongues, what shall I profit you, except I shall speak to you either by REVELATION, or by knowledge, or by prophesying, or by doctrine?”
1Cor.14v26. “Every one of you hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a REVELATION.”
2Cor.12v1. “It is not expedient for me doubtless to glory. I will come to visions and REVELATIONS of the Lord.”
2Cor.12v7. “Lest I should be elated through the abundance of the REVELATIONS, there was given me a thorn in the flesh.”
Gal.1v12. “For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught it, but by the REVELATION of Jesus Christ.”
Gal.2v2. “I went up (i.e. to Jerusalem; see Acts15v12.) by REVELATION.
Eph.1v16,17. “Making mention of you in my prayers; that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and REVELATION in the knowledge of Him.”
Eph.3v3. “How that by REVELATION He made known unto me the mystery.”
It is the title of the book of Revelation.
Rev.1v1. “The REVELATION of Jesus Christ which God gave unto Him, to show unto His servants (the) things which must shortly come to pass: and He sent and signified it by His angel unto His servant John.”
It is applied to the second coming of the Lord.
Rom.2v5. “Treasurest up to thyself wrath against the day of wrath and REVELATION of the righteous judgement of God.”
1Cor.1v7,8. “So that ye come behind in no gift; waiting for the COMING of our Lord Jesus Christ: Who will also confirm you to the end, that ye may be blameless (without accusation, uncharged, “anengkletous”), in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.”
2Thes.1v6-8. “Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you; and to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus SHALL BE REVEALED (“en te apokalupsei,” “at the apocalypse”) from heaven with His mighty angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God.” Persecuted Christians will rest at Christ’s “Apokalupsis.” 2Thes.1v7.
1Pet.1v7. “That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the APPEARING of Jesus Christ.”
1Pet.1v13. “Wherefore –hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the REVELATION of Jesus Christ’
1Pet.4v12,13. “Think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you… but rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ’s sufferings; that, when His glory SHALL BE REVEALED, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy.”
“Apokalupsis” and “phaneroo” are used of the manifestation of the Sons of God at Christ’s coming
Rom.8v19. “For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the MANIFESTATION of the sons of God.”
Col.3v4. “When Christ, who is our life, shall APPEAR (be manifested, “phanerothe”) then shall ye also APPEAR (be manifested, “phanerothesesthe”) with Him in glory.” Jesus heads an awesome army of saints and angels on this great day.
1John.3v2. “Beloved now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear (“ephanerothe,” the first aorist indicative of “phaneroo,” to manifest, to reveal) what we shall be: but we know that when He shall APPEAR (be manifested, “phanerothe,” the aorist passive subjunctive, as 1Jn.2v28.), we shall be like Him; for we shall see Him as He is.”
In Mt.13v43. a similar thought is made; “Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father.” “Shine forth,” is “eklampsousin,” the future of “eklampto,” to shine out, to shine forth. When “the Sun of righteousness arises with healing in His wings; ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall. And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of thy feet in the day that I shall do this, saith Jehovah of hosts.” Mal.4v2,3. Like the rising sun scatters the darkness, so will Jesus and the sons of God drive away the darkness of Satan’s and Antichrist’s reign. “They that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament.” Dan.12v3. “As the sun when he goeth forth in his might.” Judges.5v31. The Scripture states, “a fire goeth before Him, and burneth up His enemies round about. His lightnings enlightened the world; the earth saw and trembled. The hills melted like wax at the presence of the LORD, at the presence of the Lord of the whole earth.” Ps.97v3-5. See Is.42v13-17. 63v1-6. Micah.1v3-5. Zech.14v4,5. 2Thes.1v5-11. Rev.19v11-21.
ALL THESE SCRIPTURES SPEAK OF THE SAME EVENT AND THE SAME TIME.
These Scriptures prove that the “Parousia,” “Epiphaneia,” and “Apokalupsis” of our Lord, are the same event., His “Parousia,” or personal advent, accompanies His “Epiphaneia;” and His “Apokalupsis.” The saints are gathered 2Thes.2v1.; raised from the dead 1Cor.15v23.; and presented blameless 1Thes.5v23.; at Christ’s “Parousia.” We are exhorted to keep the commandment unrebukeable until the “Epiphaneia.” 1Tim.6v13,14.; and to look for it as our blessed hope. Tit.2v13. We are told to wait for the “Apokalupsis,” when, if we abide in the light, we will be pronounced blameless 1Cor.1v7,8.; and our victories over trials of faith will be found unto praise and honour and glory 1Pet.1v7.; and great grace brought to us 1Pet.1v13.; and we will be glad with exceeding joy 1Pet.4v13.; and we will fully rest. 2Thes.1v7.