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    17:9 seven mountains. The Gr. word is often used of hills (Mt 5:1; 15:29; Jn 6:15; 8:1). Many commentators interpret this expression to mean Rome, which sits on 7 hills. It is true that the final worldwide system of false religion includes, but is not necessarily limited to, Rome; but specifically, the 7 mountains in context likely symbolize the 7 kingdoms and their kings of v. 10.

    17:10 seven kings. Representatives of the 7 great world empires (Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, Rome, and that of the Antichrist). Cf. Daniel’s image in Da 2:37–45. five have fallen, one is, the other. When John wrote, the Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Medo-Persian and Greek empires had gone out of existence; Rome still existed; and the Antichrist’s empire had not yet come. When it does, it will be brief (12:12; 13:5) and he will end in perdition (v. 11; see note on v. .

    AC’s 7th Kingdom..some say the Ottoman Empire could have been the seventh Kingdom or head that was wounded makes a lot of sense especially with what is happening in the Mideast right now. But still the prophecy charts would have to flow Biblically but very interesting. The Bible talks about this Kingdom continuing a “short” time but the Ottoman Empire was quite long or John was viewing from a didtance and it seemed short? There is also Communism. Which fits real well and in fact the fit together until the midst of the week.

    17:11 was and is not … an eighth. The Antichrist’s kingdom is said to be both the seventh and eighth kingdoms because of his supposed demise and resurrection. He is the seventh king before and the eighth king after his “resurrection” when he destroys the harlot’s religious empire and demands exclusive worship of himself (v. 16).

    17:12 ten kings. See notes on 12:3; 13:1 (cf. Da 2:41, 42). These kings are sub-rulers under the Antichrist, whose empire will apparently be divided into 10 administrative districts. not yet received a kingdom. Thus, the kings cannot be identified with any historical figures. one hour. Symbolic of the brief 3½ year period of time (cf. 11:2, 3; 12:6, 12, 14; 13:5; 18:10, 17, 19).
    Parts from: MacArthur, John: The MacArthur Study Bible :

    Re 17:9-12 …….I don’t really disagree with any of this commentary but a lot more could be added…..this point is good…”These kings are sub-rulers under the Antichrist, whose empire will apparently be divided into 10 administrative districts.These kings are sub-rulers under the Antichrist, whose empire will apparently be divided into 10 administrative districts.” This seems more plausible because you don’t really destroy America for example w/o Britain, Canada and Australia. I’m just using those countries as an example. This type of view makes things a little more World Wide. Sorry this is to long,,, The Revised Rome view keeps in all in the Mideast and former Roman Empire.

    More thoughts on the Kings:

    “15 When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) ” the “abomination of desolation” may be a computerized image unto the Beast. And that’s where the no man can buy or sell comes in etc. The world is fast moving to a cashless digitized economy…..and the AC and his one world government will control that. It could be by finger prints or retinal scan……

    16 And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads: 17 And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name. 18 Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six. Rev 13:16-18 (KJV)

    I believe computers are going to have a big part. This would be in the midst of the week or later but the idea is……”12 And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast. 13 These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast. Rev 17:12-13 (KJV)” “shall give their power and strength unto the beast.” could very easily be their launch codes for their weapons…..

    17 For God hath put in their hearts to fulfil his will, and to agree, and give their kingdom unto the beast, until the words of God shall be fulfilled. Rev 17:16-18 (KJV)

    Just some thoughts.



    The Antichrist
    Introduction · Who He is · What He Does (Religious) / (Military) / (Persecution) / (Other) · His End · And Apparently · Related Articles

    AKA, – the little horn, the despicable person, the man of lawlessness, the beast

    Dan. 2:33-35, 41-45; 7:7-8, 11, 17-26; 8:9-14, 23-25; 9:26-27; 11:21-45; 12:7; Matt. 24:9, 15; 2 Thess.2:3-10; 1 John 2:18, 22; 4:3; 2 John 7; Rev. 12:13, 17; 13; 14:9, 11; 16:2; 17-18; 19:19-20; 20:4

    * – Dan. 8:9-14, 23-25; 11:21-35, some scholars apply these passages only to Antiochus Epiphanes


    The purpose of this study was to collect all of the information that the Bible gives us about the antichrist and to organize it by topic. This could one day serve as a checklist when a leader arises who looks as though he may be the man. I have attempted to answer the simple question, “What does the Bible tell us about this person?” I have endeavored to simply collect and present the Biblical data and to refrain from extrapolating too far from what the Bible actually says. However, I do give clarification, alternate translations and sometimes even my own opinion in the parenthesis. When I have given something which is very questionable, it is followed with a question mark.

    I have also attempted to be exhaustive in this list. If anyone knows of anything the Bible actually says or even implies about the antichrist which I have not included, please feel free to email me (with the scripture references) at

    I am aware that there is some overlap in the “What He Does” categories (and possibly some others). For instance, making war against Jesus Christ (Rev. 17:14 and 19:19) would qualify as both religious and military. In these instances, I have simply put things where I thought they fit best. The categories are simply there to help give some organization to this information and are by no means inspired. For a list which follows more of the order which this information is found in the Bible (which is much better for teaching), click here. Within the various topics, the data is usually organized by where it appears in scripture. When the same thing is mentioned in more than one passage, I usually went by the first passage in which it is found, but sometimes by the one which I thought to be more relevant.

    I have also listed the passages which some scholars apply only to Antiochus Epiphanes and not to the end time antichrist, although I do not believe their case is very convincing. I merely want to be up front that there are many scholars who hold this position.

    Who He Is

    Will be terrifying (causing fear) and dreadful (terrible), Dan. 7:7, also 7:19
    Will have “eyes like the eyes of a man” (?), Dan. 7:8, also 7:20
    Will “arise from the earth” (be a genuine human being?), Dan. 7:17
    Appeared “larger in appearance than his associates” (physical stature?, strength?, power?) to Daniel, Dan. 7:20
    Will be different from the other kings and his kingdom will be different from the other kingdoms, Dan. 7:23-24 also 7:7, 7:19
    Will be “strong of face” (fierce countenance, insolent – NASB), Dan. 8:23
    Will understand chiydah (dark sentences, biblical prophecy? – see Num. 12:6-8), Dan. 8:23
    Will be very strong (powerful), but from someone else, Dan. 8:24, see also 7:7; 2 Thess. 2:9; Rev. 13:2, 13:4
    Will be prudent (shrewd, wise, understanding), Dan. 8:25
    Will be a despicable (contemptible) person, Dan. 11:21
    Will not have the honor of royalty (not be of a royal family?), Dan. 11:21
    Will have his heart bent on evil, Dan. 11:27
    Will not regard the “desire of women” (will be homosexual, will not care about what women want) or possibly will not regard the “god desired by women” (so NLT, NIV, NRSV, NAB, NJB), Dan. 11:37
    Will be a “man of lawlessness,” 2 Thess. 2:3, 2:8, see also Matt. 24:12; 2 Thess. 2:7
    Is presently being restrained until the proper time, 2 Thess. 2:6-8
    “Was and is not, and is about to come up out of the abyss” (resurrection, reincarnation?), Rev. 17:8, see also 11:7
    Will be an eighth king, yet one of the seven, Rev. 17:11

    What He Does


    Will speak against (blaspheme) God, his name and his tabernacle (those who dwell in heaven), Dan. 7:25; 11:36; Rev. 13:5-6, also Rev. 13:1
    Will gabar berith (confirm a covenant, KJV, NIV, NKJV or make a firm covenant, NASB, NLT, NRSV) with many for seven years, Dan. 9:27
    Will put and end to sacrifice and offering 3 ½ years into this covenant, Dan. 9:27 also 11:31; 12:11
    Will be against the holy covenant, Dan. 11:28, 11:30
    Will flatter and show regard for those who forsake the holy covenant, Dan. 11:30, 11:32
    Will defile (desecrate, pollute) the sanctuary fortress (temple of God?), Dan. 11:31
    Will exalt himself above every god, Dan. 11:36-37; 2 Thess. 2:4
    Will show no regard for the gods of his fathers or any other god, Dan. 11:37
    Will honor a god of fortresses (strongholds) whom his fathers did not know, Dan. 11:38
    Will “take his seat in the temple of God, displaying himself as being God,” 2 Thess. 2:4
    Will come “in accord with the activity of Satan, with all power and signs and false wonders,” 2 Thess. 2:9
    Will deny that Jesus is the Christ, thus denying the Father also, 1 John 2:22, also 4:3
    Will deny that Jesus came in the flesh, 2 John 7
    Will derive get his power, throne and great authority from the Devil, Rev. 13:2
    Will appear to die and come back to life (a resurrection), Rev. 13:3, 13:12, 13:14 and possibly 11:7; 17:8
    Will cause the whole earth to marvel and follow him, whose names are not in the book of life, Rev. 13:3; 17:8
    Will be worshipped by all who dwell on the earth, whose names are not in the book of life, Rev. 13:4, 13:8, 13:12, also 14:9, 14:11; 20:4
    Will set up an idol of himself (abomination of desolation) in the “holy place” (temple of God), which will also be worshipped, Rev. 13:14-15; Matt. 24:15, also Dan. 11:31; 12:11; Rev. 14:9, 14:11; 16:2; 19:20; 20:4
    Will cause the world to buy and sell with a mark on their right hands or their foreheads, Rev. 13:16-18, also 16:2; 19:20; 20:4
    Will apparently have a very close association with Jerusalem, Rev. 17:3 (see my article on the identity of Babylon)


    His kingdom will be partly strong and partly weak, Dan. 2:42-43
    Will destroy exceedingly, Dan. 8:24, also 7:7, 7:19, 7:23; 11:44 and possibly 9:26-27
    Will destroy mighty men (powerful leaders?), Dan. 8:24
    Will come in and destroy many while they are at ease (unexpectedly), Dan. 8:25, 11:21, 11:24
    Will stand against (oppose) the Prince of Princes, Dan. 8:25; will wage war against the lamb, Rev. 17:14, also 19:19
    Will shamam (make desolate, or possibly, cause horror, so NAB), Dan. 9:27
    Will obtain the kingdom by intrigue (flattery), Dan. 11:21
    Will have great armies swept away and broken before him, Dan. 11:22
    Will act deceitfully (treacherously) after making an alliance, Dan. 11:23
    Will become strong with a “small people” (small number of people?), Dan. 11:23
    Will take over the richest areas of the province, Dan. 11:24
    Will share the booty with his followers, which his fathers never did, Dan. 11:24
    Will devise plans against strongholds, but only for a time, Dan. 11:24
    Will lie to the king of the south, Dan. 11:27
    Will devour (conquer, take over) the whole earth, Dan. 7:23, also 7:7, 7:19
    Will destroy 3 of 10 kings, Dan. 7:8, 7:20, 7:24
    Will attack the strongest fortresses with the help of foreign god, Dan. 11:39
    Will give honor to those who acknowledge him and will make them rulers, Dan. 11:39
    Will distribute the land “at a price” or possibly “for a reward” (so NLT, NAB), Dan. 11:39
    Will be attacked by the king of the south and the king of the north at the time of the end, Dan. 11:40
    Will invade the “glorious land” (Israel), Dan. 11:41
    Will not be able to conquer Edom, Moab and “the foremost of the sons” (leaders, prominent people) of Ammon (these countries would appear to be present day Jordan), Dan. 11:41
    Will conquer Egypt and other countries, Dan. 11:42
    Will have the Lybians and Ethiopians “at his steps” (following his steps or possibly under his feet-in submission) after conquering Egypt, Dan. 11:43
    Will place the “tents of his palace” “between the seas and the beautiful holy mountain” (NASB, NLT, NRSV, NKJV, NAB, NJB) or possibly “between the seas at the beautiful holy mountain” (KJV & NIV), Dan. 11:45, see also Matt. 24:15; 2 Thess. 2:4, Rev. 17:3
    Will appear undefeatable, Rev. 13:4
    Will be given authority over every tribe, people, tongue and nation, Rev. 13:7
    Will be given the power and authority of the ten kings, Rev. 17:13, 17:17

    Will “wear out” the saints, Dan. 7:25; will “shatter the hand” (power, strength, will?) of the saints, Dan. 12:7
    Will be permitted to persecute the saints, “make war” with them and overcome them for 3 ½ years, Dan. 7:21, 7:25; Rev. 13:5, 13:7, also Dan. 12:7
    Will destroy (kill) the saints, Dan. 8:24 also Matt. 24:9
    Will conduct the worst persecution the world has ever known, Matt. 24:21; Mark 13:19, also Dan. 12:1
    Will make war with the two witnesses, overcome them and kill them, Rev. 11:7
    Will persecute Israel, Rev. 12:13
    Will make war with the Christians and kill them, Rev. 12:17; 20:4, see also 7:14; 12:11; 14:12-13; 17:6

    Will “prosper and do” (will be successful & perform his will), Dan. 8:24, also 11:36
    Will cause deceit (a lie, treachery) to prosper, Dan. 8:25, also 2 Thess. 2:10
    Will magnify himself in his heart, Dan. 8:25 and possibly 8:11
    Will speak “great things” (boasting), Dan. 7:8, 7:20; Rev. 13:5
    Will intend to make changes “in times and in law,” Dan. 7:25
    Will do as he pleases, Dan. 11:36, also 8:24

    His End

    Will have his dominion “taken away, annihilated and destroyed forever,” Dan. 7:26
    Will be broken (destroyed) “without hand” (human agency), Dan. 8:25, also 2:34, 2:45
    Will be destroyed by those who eat his food, Dan. 11:26 (perhaps this refers to destroying his reign or authority, so NLT – “bring his downfall,” see also, NIV – “try to destroy him,” NAB – “seek to destroy him,” NJB – “ruin him”)
    Will be helped by no one when he comes to his end, Dan. 11:45
    Is destined for destruction, Rev. 17:8, 17:11, and possibly 2 Thess. 2:3
    Will be destroyed by the Lord with “the breath of his mouth,” 2 Thess. 2:8
    Will apparently be the first occupant of the lake of fire, Rev. 19:20, also Dan. 7:11

    And Apparently

    Will be Roman, Dan. 9:26, also 2:33-34, 2:40-43; 7:7-8
    Will purport to be Israel’s messiah (may also imply that he is Jewish), Matt. 24:24; Mark 13:22; 1 John 2:18, 2:22; 4:3; 2 John 7
    Will be very persuasive, Dan. 7:8, 7:20; 8:25; Rev. 13:3, 13:5; 17:8
    Appears to reign from Jerusalem, 2 Thess. 2:4, Rev. 17:3, and see Matt. 24:15; Dan. 11:45 (KJV & NIV)
    Will have a “false Elijah” to pave his way (thus implying that he is the Christ), Rev. 13:11-15; 16:13; 19:20; 20:10, see also Matt. 24:11, 24:24; Mark 13:22 (for the expectation of Elijah with the coming of the Messiah, see Mal. 4:5; Matt. 11:14; 17:10-13; Mark 9:11-13; Luke 1:17; Rev. 11:3-6)

    Related Articles:

    Will the Antichrist Be A Jew?
    The Abomination of Desolation
    An Overview of Daniel’s First Vision (Daniel 7)

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